Know How You Would Get Antibiotics During an Anthrax Crisis
If an anthrax emergency happened in your area, your community might need to receive large amounts of antibiotics and medical supplies from the federal government. The supplies would be sent to sites that are usually called points of dispensing (PODs). PODs would be located in your community in safe, familiar places such as schools or convention centers.
In an anthrax emergency, you would be able to find out where the nearest POD is located and what to bring to the POD by listening to news updates on TV and the radio, visiting your health department’s website, and staying alert for messages from community leaders.
PODs are designed to provide medicine to a large number of people in a short period of time, so you could expect to stand in line. While at the POD, you would be asked to fill out a form that includes some basic information about your medical history. Once you complete your form, a POD staff member would review it and determine which antibiotic is best for you.
Keep a Family Medical History
In some cases, you may be able to pick up antibiotics for others in your household. If you live with family members, it’s important to keep a medical history for each person in your family, including Medical conditions,Allergies, Any medicines they are taking, Each child’s weight
During an emergency, you may be asked to bring this information to a POD to make sure you get the right antibiotics for everyone in your family.
In an anthrax emergency, many lives would be saved if people started taking antibiotics right away. It would be very important to start taking antibiotics as soon as you get them, take them as directed, and keep taking them as for as long as you are told to.
We hope there is never an anthrax emergency that requires PODs to open, but if there is, be assured the process is in place to get antibiotics to you and your family as quickly as possible.
Be Aware of the Symptoms of Anthrax
During an anthrax emergency, you would need to be able to recognize the symptoms of anthrax, especially inhalation anthrax, and be prepared to get medical care if you have any of these symptoms.
The symptoms of anthrax depend on the type of infection and can take anywhere from 1 day to more than 2 months to appear. All types of anthrax have the potential, if untreated, to spread throughout the body and cause severe illness and even death.
Cutaneous anthrax symptoms can include
ulcer on forearm showing cutaneous anthrax
A group of small blisters or bumps that may itch
A painless skin sore (ulcer) with a black center that appears after the small blisters or bumps
Most often the sore will be on the face, neck, arms, or hands
Swelling can occur around the sore
Inhalation anthrax symptoms can include
-Fever and chills
-Shortness of breath
-Confusion or dizziness
-Nausea, vomiting, or stomach pains
-Sweats (often drenching)
Gastrointestinal anthrax symptoms can include
-Fever and chills
-Swelling of neck or neck glands
-Nausea and vomiting, especially bloody vomiting
-Diarrhea or bloody diarrhea
-Flushing (red face) and red eyes
-Swelling of abdomen (stomach)
Injection anthrax symptoms can include
-Fever and chills
-A group of small blisters or bumps that may itch, appearing where the drug was injected
-A painless skin sore with a black center that appears after the blisters or bumps
-Swelling around the sore
-Abscesses deep under the skin or in the muscle where the drug was injected
Keep in mind
Symptoms are similar to those of cutaneous anthrax, but injection anthrax can spread throughout the body faster and be harder to recognize and treat than cutaneous anthrax. Skin and injection site infections associated with injection drug use are common and do not necessarily mean the person has anthrax.