Some of the best and most frequently given advice, when dealing with local
peoples, is for the survivor to accept, respect, and adapt to their ways. Thus,
“when in Rome, do as the Romans do.” This is excellent advice, but there are
several considerations involved in putting this advice into practice.
CONTACT WITH LOCAL PEOPLE
You must give serious consideration to dealing with the local people. Do they have a
primitive culture? Are they farmers, fishermen, friendly people, or enemy? As a survivor,
“cross-cultural communication” can vary radically from area to area and from people to
people. It may mean interaction with people of an extremely primitive culture or contact
with people who have a relatively modem culture. A culture is identified by standards of
behavior that its members consider proper and acceptable but may or may not conform to
your idea of what is proper. No matter who these people are, you can expect they will have
laws, social and economic values, and political and religious beliefs that may be radically
different from yours. Before deploying into your area of operations, study these different
cultural aspects. Prior study and preparation will help you make or avoid contact if you
have to deal with the local population.
People will be friendly, unfriendly, or they will choose to ignore you. Their attitude may be
unknown. If the people are known to be friendly, try to keep them friendly through your
courtesy and respect for their religion, politics, social customs, habits, and all other aspects
of their culture. If the people are known to be enemies or are unknowns, make every effort
to avoid any contact and leave no sign of your presence. A basic knowledge of the daily
habits of the local people will be essential in this attempt. If after careful observation you
determine that an unknown people are friendly, you may contact them if you absolutely
need their help.
Usually, you have little to fear and much to gain from cautious and respectful contact with
local people of friendly or neutral countries. If you become familiar with the local customs,
display common decency, and most important, show respect for their customs, you should
be able to avoid trouble and possibly gain needed help. To make contact, wait until only
one person is near and, if possible, let that person make the initial approach. Most people
will be willing to help a survivor who appears to be in need. However, local political
attitudes, instruction, or propaganda efforts may change the attitudes of otherwise friendly
people. Conversely, in unfriendly countries, many people, especially in remote areas, may
feel animosity toward their politicians and may be more friendly toward a survivor.
The key to successful contact with local peoples is to be friendly, courteous, and patient.
Displaying fear, showing weapons, and making sudden or threatening movements can
cause a local person to fear you. Such actions can prompt a hostile response. When
attempting a contact, smile as often as you can. Many local peoples are shy and seem
unapproachable, or they may ignore you. Approach them slowly and do not rush your
THE SURVIVOR’S BEHAVIOR
Use salt, tobacco, silver money, and similar items discreetly when trading with local people.
Paper money is well-known worldwide. Do not overpay; it may lead to embarrassment and
even danger. Always treat people with respect. Do not bully them or laugh at them.
Using sign language or acting out needs or questions can be very effective. Many people
are used to such language and communicate using nonverbal sign language. Try to learn a
few words and phrases of the local language in and around your potential area of
operations. Trying to speak someone’s language is one of the best ways to show respect for
his culture. Since English is widely used, some of the local people may understand a few
words of English.
Some areas may be taboo. They range from religious or sacred places to diseased or
danger areas. In some areas, certain animals must not be killed. Learn the rules and follow
them. Watch and learn as much as possible. Such actions will help to strengthen relations
and provide new knowledge and skills that may be very important later. Seek advice on
local hazards and find out from friendly people where the hostile people are. Always
remember that people frequently insist that other peoples are hostile, simply because they
do not understand different cultures and distant peoples. The people they can usually trust
are their immediate neighbors–much the same as in our own neighborhood.
Frequently, local people, like ourselves, will suffer from contagious diseases. Build a
separate shelter, if possible, and avoid physical contact without giving the impression of
doing so. Personally prepare your food and drink, if you can do so without giving offense.
Frequently, the local people will accept the use of “personal or religious custom” as an
explanation for isolationist behavior.
Barter, or trading, is common in more primitive societies. Hard coin is usually good,
whether for its exchange value or as jewelry or trinkets. In isolated areas, matches,
tobacco, salt, razor blades, empty containers, or cloth may be worth more than any form of
Be very cautious when touching people. Many people consider “touching” taboo and such
actions may be dangerous. Avoid sexual contact.
Hospitality among some people is such a strong cultural trait that they may seriously
reduce their own supplies to feed a stranger. Accept what they offer and share it equally
with all present. Eat in the same way they eat and, most important, try to eat all they offer.
If you make any promises, keep them. Respect personal property and local customs and
manners, even if they seem odd. Make some kind of payment for food, supplies, and so
forth. Respect privacy. Do not enter a house unless invited.
CHANGES TO POLITICAL ALLEGIANCE
In today’s world of fast-paced international politics, political attitudes and commitments
within nations are subject to rapid change. The population of many countries, especially
politically hostile countries, must not be considered friendly just because they do not
demonstrate open hostility. Unless briefed to the contrary; avoid all contact with such