[Agent Survival Guide]


★★★ SURVIVAL ACTIONS ★★★
The following paragraphs expand on the meaning of each letter of the word survival. Study and remember what each letter signifies because you may some day have to make it work for you.

S -Size Up the Situation

If you are in a combat situation, find a place where you can conceal yourself from the
zombies. Remember, security takes priority. Use your senses of hearing, smell, and sight to
get a feel for the battlefield. What is the enemy doing? Advancing? Holding in place?
Retreating? You will have to consider what is developing on the battlefield when you make
your survival plan.
Size Up Your Surroundings
Determine the pattern of the area. Get a feel for what is going on around you. Every
environment, whether forest, jungle, or desert, has a rhythm or pattern. This rhythm or
pattern includes animal and bird noises and movements and insect sounds. It may also
include enemy traffic and civilian movements.
Size Up Your Physical Condition
The pressure of the battle you were in or the trauma of being in a survival situation may
have caused you to overlook wounds you received. Check your wounds and give yourself
first aid. Take care to prevent further bodily harm. For instance, in any climate, drink plenty
of water to prevent dehydration. If you are in a cold or wet climate, put on additional
clothing to prevent hypothermia.
Size Up Your Equipment
Perhaps in the heat of battle, you lost or damaged some of your equipment. Check to see
what equipment you have and what condition it is in.
Now that you have sized up your situation, surroundings, physical condition, and
equipment, you are ready to make your survival plan. In doing so, keep in mind your basic
physical needs–water, food, and shelter.

U -Use All Your Senses, Undue Haste Makes Waste

You may make a wrong move when you react quickly without thinking or planning. That
move may result in your capture or death. Don’t move just for the sake of taking action.
Consider all aspects of your situation (size up your situation) before you make a decision
and a move. If you act in haste, you may forget or lose some of your equipment. In your
haste you may also become disoriented so that you don’t know which way to go. Plan your
moves. Be ready to move out quickly without endangering yourself if the enemy is near
you. Use all your senses to evaluate the situation. Note sounds and smells. Be sensitive to
temperature changes. Be observant.

R -Remember Where You Are

Spot your location on your map and relate it to the surrounding terrain. This is a basic
principle that you must always follow. If there are other persons with you, make sure they
also know their location. Always know who in your group, vehicle, or aircraft has a map and
compass. If that person is killed, you will have to get the map and compass from him. Pay
close attention to where you are and to where you are going. Do not rely on others in the
group to keep track of the route. Constantly orient yourself. Always try to determine, as a
minimum, how your location relates to–
• The location of enemy units and controlled areas.
• The location of friendly units and controlled areas.
• The location of local water sources (especially important in the desert).
• Areas that will provide good cover and concealment.
This information will allow you to make intelligent decisions when you are in a survival and
evasion situation.

V -Vanquish Fear and Panic

The greatest enemies in a combat survival and evasion situation are fear and panic. If
uncontrolled, they can destroy your ability to make an intelligent decision. They may cause
you to react to your feelings and imagination rather than to your situation. They can drain
your energy and thereby cause other negative emotions. Previous survival and evasion
training and self-confidence will enable you to vanquish fear and panic.

I -Improvise

In the United States, we have items available for all our needs. Many of these items are
cheap to replace when damaged. Our easy come, easy go, easy-to-replace culture makes it
unnecessary for us to improvise. This inexperience in improvisation can be an enemy in a
survival situation. Learn to improvise. Take a tool designed for a specific purpose and see
how many other uses you can make of it.
Learn to use natural objects around you for different needs. An example is using a rock for
a hammer. No matter how complete a survival kit you have with you, it will run out or wear
out after a while. Your imagination must take over when your kit wears out.

V -Value Living

All of us were born kicking and fighting to live, but we have become used to the soft life. We
have become creatures of comfort. We dislike inconveniences and discomforts. What
happens when we are faced with a survival situation with its stresses, inconveniences, and
discomforts? This is when the will to live- placing a high value on living-is vital. The
experience and knowledge you have gained through life and your Army training will have a
bearing on your will to live. Stubbornness, a refusal to give in to problems and obstacles
that face you, will give you the mental and physical strength to endure.

A -Act Like the Natives

The natives and animals of a region have adapted to their environment. To get a feel of the
area, watch how the people go about their daily routine. When and what do they eat?
When, where, and how do they get their food? When and where do they go for water? What
time do they usually go to bed and get up? These actions are important to you when you
are trying to avoid capture.
Animal life in the area can also give you clues on how to survive. Animals also require food,
water, and shelter. By watching them, you can find sources of water and food.
WARNING
Animals cannot serve as an absolute guide to what you can eat and drink. Many
animals eat plants that are toxic to humans.
Keep in mind that the reaction of animals can reveal your presence to the enemy.
If in a friendly area, one way you can gain rapport with the natives is to show interest in
their tools and how they get food and water. By studying the people, you learn to respect
them, you often make valuable friends, and, most important, you learn how to adapt to
their environment and increase your chances of survival.

L -Live by Your Wits, But for Now, Learn Basic Skills

Without training in basic skills for surviving and evading on the battlefield, your chances of
living through a combat survival and evasion situation are slight.
Learn these basic skills now–not when you are headed for or are in the battle. How you
decide to equip yourself before deployment will impact on whether or not you survive. You
need to know about the environment to which you are going, and you must practice basic
skills geared to that environment. For instance, if you are going to a desert, you need to
know how to get water in the desert.
Practice basic survival skills during all training programs and exercises. Survival training
reduces fear of the unknown and gives you self-confidence. It teaches you to live by your
wits.

PATTERN FOR SURVIVAL

Develop a survival pattern that lets you beat the zombies of survival. This survival pattern
must include food, water, shelter, fire, first aid, and signals placed in order of importance.
For example, in a cold environment, you would need a fire to get warm; a shelter to protect
you from the cold, wind, and rain or snow; traps or snares to get food; a means to signal
friendly aircraft; and first aid to maintain health. If injured, first aid has top priority no
matter what climate you are in.
Change your survival pattern to meet your immediate physical needs as the environment
changes.
As you read the rest of this manual, keep in mind the keyword SURVIVAL and the need for a
survival pattern.

1. PSYCHOLOGY OF SURVIVAL
♦A LOOK AT STRESS
♦NATURAL REACTIONS
♦PREPARING YOURSELF

2. SURVIVAL PLANNING AND SURVIVAL KITS
♦IMPORTANCE OF PLANNING
♦SURVIVAL KITS

3. BASIC SURVIVAL MEDICINE
♦REQUIREMENTS FOR MAINTENANCE OF HEALTH
♦MEDICAL EMERGENCIES
♦LIFESAVING STEPS
♦BONE AND JOINT INJURY
♦BITES AND STINGS
♦WOUNDS
♦ENVIRONMENTAL INJURIES
♦HERBAL MEDICINES

4. SHELTERS
♦SHELTER SITE SELECTION
TYPES OF SHELTERS

5. WATER PROCUREMENT
♦WATER SOURCES
♦STILL CONSTRUCTION
♦WATER PURIFICATION
♦WATER FILTRATION DEVICES

6. FIRE-CRAFT
♦BASIC FIRE PRINCIPLES
♦SITE SELECTION AND PREPARATION
♦FIRE MATERIAL SELECTION
♦HOW TO BUILD A FIRE
♦HOW TO LIGHT A FIRE

7. FOOD PROCUREMENT
♦ANIMALS FOR FOOD
♦TRAPS AND SNARES
♦KILLING DEVICES
♦FISHING DEVICES
♦PREPARATION OF FISH AND GAME FOR
♦COOKING AND STORAGE

8. SURVIVAL USE OF PLANTS
♦EDIBILITY OF PLANTS
♦PLANTS FOR MEDICINE

9. POISONOUS PLANTS
♦HOW PLANTS POISON
♦ALL ABOUT PLANTS
♦RULES FOR AVOIDING POISONOUS PLANTS
♦CONTACT DERMATITIS
♦INGESTION POISONING

10. DANGEROUS ANIMALS
♦INSECTS AND ARACHNIDS
♦LEECHES
♦BATS
♦POISONOUS SNAKES
♦DANGEROUS LIZARDS
♦DANGERS IN RIVERS
♦DANGERS IN BAYS AND ESTUARIES
♦SALTWATER DANGERS

11. FIELD-EXPEDIENT WEAPONS, TOOLS, AND EQUIPMENT
♦CLUBS
♦EDGED WEAPONS
♦OTHER EXPEDIENT WEAPONS
♦LASHING AND CORDAGE
♦RUCKSACK CONSTRUCTION
♦CLOTHING AND INSULATION
♦COOKING AND EATING UTENSILS

12. DESERT SURVIVAL
♦TERRAIN
♦ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS
♦NEED FOR WATER
♦HEAT CASUALTIES
♦PRECAUTIONS
♦DESERT HAZARDS

13. TROPICAL SURVIVAL
♦TROPICAL WEATHER
♦JUNGLE TYPES
♦TRAVEL THROUGH JUNGLE AREAS
♦IMMEDIATE CONSIDERATIONS
♦WATER PROCUREMENT
♦FOOD
♦POISONOUS PLANTS

14. COLD WEATHER SURVIVAL
♦COLD REGIONS AND LOCATIONS
♦WINDCHILL
♦BASIC PRINCIPLES OF COLD
♦WEATHER SURVIVAL
♦HYGIENE
♦MEDICAL ASPECTS
♦COLD INJURIES
♦SHELTERS
♦FIRE
♦WATER
♦FOOD
♦TRAVEL
♦WEATHER SIGNS

15. SEA SURVIVAL
♦THE OPEN SEA
♦SEASHORES

16. EXPEDIENT WATER CROSSINGS
♦RIVERS AND STREAMS
♦RAPIDS
♦RAFTS
♦FLOTATION DEVICES
♦OTHER WATER OBSTACLES
♦VEGETATION OBSTACLES

17. FIELD-EXPEDIENT DIRECTION FINDING
♦USING THE SUN AND SHADOWS
♦USING THE MOON
♦USING THE STARS
♦MAKING IMPROVISED COMPASSES
♦OTHER MEANS OF DETERMINING DIRECTION

18. SIGNALING TECHNIQUES
♦APPLICATION
♦MEANS FOR SIGNALING
♦CODES AND SIGNALS
♦AIRCRAFT VECTORING PROCEDURES

19. SURVIVAL MOVEMENT IN HOSTILE AREAS
♦PHASES OF PLANNING
♦EXECUTION
♦RETURN TO FRIENDLY CONTROL

20. CAMOUFLAGE
♦PERSONAL CAMOUFLAGE
♦METHODS OF STALKING

21. CONTACT WITH PEOPLE
CONTACT WITH LOCAL PEOPLE
THE SURVIVOR’S BEHAVIOR
CHANGES TO POLITICAL ALLEGIANCE

22. SURVIVAL IN MAN-MADE HAZARDS
♦THE NUCLEAR ENVIRONMENT
♦BIOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENTS
♦CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENTS